Welcome To Workrite Ergonomics Support
Below you can find helpful information regarding our products, installations, settings and warranty. A large selection of our FAQ incorporates video walk-throughs for your convenience. You may also contact Workrite customer service with more detailed questions.
- General Inquiries
- Essentia EX Electric
- Fundamentals EX Electric
- Sierra HX Electric
- Sierra HXL Electric
- Sierra HXL Crank
- Solace Sit-To-Stand
- Adjustable Keyboard Arms
- Monitor Mounts
- Ergo Glossary
The following articles provide important information about working environments and ergonomics. They can help you understand more about workplace environments and research into solutions for discomfort and injury.
|SAGE Journals||The Effects of a Non-Sedentary Workspace on Information Elaboration and Group Performance||Knight AP, Baer M||2014|
|American Journal of Preventive Medicine||Workplace Sitting and Height-Adjustable Workstations, A Randomized Controlled Trial||Neuhaus M, Healy GN, Dunstan DW, Owen N, Eakin EG||2014|
|Journal of Behavioral Nutrition & Physical Activity||Iterative Development of Stand Up Australia: Multi-component Intervention to Reduce Workplace Sitting||Neuhaus M, Healy GN, Fjeldsoe BS, Lawler S, Owen N, Dunstan DW, LaMontagne AD, Eakin EG||2014|
|British Journal of Sports Medicine||Avoiding Sedentary Behavior Might Lengthen Telomeres: Secondary Outcomes from Physical Activity in Older People||Sjögren P, Fisher R, Kallings L, Svenson U, Roos G, Hellénius ML||2014|
|Int’l Journal of Environmental Research & Public Health||Using Sit-Stand Workstations to Decrease Sedentary Time in Office Workers||Dutta N, Koepp GA, Stovitz SD, Levine JA, Pereira MA||2014|
|PLOS one||Minimal Intensity Physical Activity Improves Insulin Action and Plasma Lipids More than Shorter Periods of Exercise in Sedentary Subjects||Duvivier B, Schaper NC, Bremers MA, van Crombrugge G, Menheere P, Kars M, Savelberg H||2013|
|Preventative Medicine||Reducing Sitting Time in Office Workers: Short-Term Efficacy of a Multicomponent Intervention||Healy GN, Eakin EG, Lamontagne AD, Owen N, EA Winkler, Wiesner G, Gunning L, Neuhaus M, Lawler S, Fjeldsoe BS, Dunstan DW||2013|
|Occupational & Environmental Medicine||Cardiovascular and Metabolic Benefits of Standing Desk Work||Knight AP, Baer M||2013|
|BMJ Open||Sedentary behaviour and life expectancy in the USA – a cause deleted life table analysis||Peter T Katzmarzyk, I-Min Lee||2012|
|BMC Journal||Perceived exertion, comfort and working technique in professional computer users and association with neck and upper extremity symptoms||Agneta Lindegård, Jens Wahlström, Mats Hagberg, Rebecka Vilhelmsson, Allan Toomingas and Ewa Wigaeus Tornqvist||2012|
|BMC Journal||Variation between seated and standing/walking postures among male and female call centre operators||Toomingas A, Forsman M, Mathiassen SE, Heiden M, Nilsson T.||2012|
|PLoS One||Sedentary Behaviour and Biomarkers for Cardiovascular Disease and Diabetes in Mid-Life: The Role of Television-Viewing and Sitting at Work||Snehal M. Pinto Pereira, Myung Ki, Chris Power||2012|
|American College of Sports Medicine||Reducing sedentary behaviors – sitting less and moving more – American College of Sports Medicine brochure||American College of Sports Medicine||2012|
|Preventative Medicine||Does the use of standing ‘hot’ desks change sedentary work time in an open plan office? (Abstract only)||Nicholas D. Gilson, Alessandro Suppini, Gemma C. Ryde, Helen E. Brown, Wendy J. Brown||2012|
|CPE Institute on Inactivity research||Sit Less Presentation References||Marc Hamilton, PhD, Catherine Christie, PhD, RD, LD/N, FADA||2012|
|Baker IDI Heart & Diabetes Institute||Stand Up Australia – The Health Hazards of Too Much Sitting||David Dunstan||2012|
|AACR International Conference on Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research||Amount of Time Spent in Sedentary Behaviors in the United States, 2003–2004||Charles E. Matthews, Kong Y. Chen, Patty S. Freedson, Russell R. Pate, David G. Schlundt, Maciej S. Buchowski and Richard P. Troiano||2011|
|Lockton Companies, LLC||The Detrimental Effects of Sedentary Behavior||Lockton Companies, LLC||2011|
|International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity||Energy expenditure of interruptions to sedentary behavior||Ann M Swartz, Leah Squires and Scott J Strath||2011|
|Canadian Journal of Public Health||Desk potatoes: the importance of occupational physical activity on health (Abstract only)||Adam W. Probert, Mark S. Tremblay, Sarah Connor C. Gorber||2011|
|American Journal of Health Promotion||Get Moving: A Web Site That Increases Physical Activity of Sedentary Employees||Irvine AB, Philips L, Seeley J, Wyant S, Duncan S, Moore RW||2011|
|Lancaster University Centre for Organizational Health & Well-being||Multi- business Study of the Effect of Low Impact Physical Activity on Employee Health and Wellbeing||Dr. David Batman and Professor Susan Cartwright||2011|
|American Journal of Epidemiology||Long-Term Sedentary Work and the Risk of Subsite-specific Colorectal Cancer||Terry Boyle, Lin Fritschi, Jane Heyworth, and Fiona Bull||2010|
|NRC Research Press||Physiological and health implications of a sedentary lifestyle||Mark Stephen Tremblay, Rachel Christine Colley, Travis John Saunders, Genevieve Nissa Healy, and Neville Owen||2010|
|Mayo Clinic Proceedings||Sedentary Behavior: Emerging Evidence for a New Health Risk||Neville Owen, PhD; Phillip B. Sparling, EdD; Geneviève N. Healy, PhD; David W. Dunstan, PhD; and Charles E. Matthews, PhD||2010|
|Diabetes Care Journal – American Diabetes Association||Sedentary Activity Associated With Metabolic Syndrome Independent of Physical Activity||Andrea Bankoski, MPH, Tamara B. Harris, MD, James J. McClain, PHD, Robert J. Brychta, PHD, Paolo Caserotti, PHD, Kong Y. Chen, PHD, David Berrigan, PHD, Richard P. Troiano, PHD and Annemarie Koster, PHD||2010|
|American Journal of Preventive Medicine||Evidence of Health Risks from Occupational Sitting Where Do We Stand?||Simon Marshall, PhD, Diane Gyi, PhD||2010|
|American Journal of Preventive Medicine||Occupational Sitting and Health Risks A Systematic Review||Jannique G.Z. van Uffelen, PhD, Jason Wong, BAppSc, Josephine Y. Chau, MPH, et al.||2010|
|American Association for Cancer Research||Sedentary Behavior and Cancer: A Systematic Review of the Literature and Proposed Biological Mechanisms||Brigid M. Lynch||2010|
|Diabetes – American Diabetes Association||Impact of Physical Inactivity on Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue Metabolism in Healthy Young Male Offspring of Patients With Type 2 Diabetes||Lise Højbjerre, Mette Paulli Sonne, Amra Ciric Alibegovic, Flemming Dela, Allan Vaag, Jens Bruun Meldgaard, Karl Bang Christensen, and Bente Stallknecht||2010|
|3rd Annual Conference on Physical Activity and Public Health||Physical Activity and Public Health – 3rd International Conference – Overview of sessions 2010||2010|
|Med Sci Sports Exerc||Sedentary Behaviors Increase Risk of Cardiovascular Disease Mortality in Men||Warren TY, Barry V, Hooker SP, Sui X, Church TS, Blair SN||2010|
|Occupational Medicine||The health safety and health promotion needs of older workers||J. O. Crawford, R. A. Graveling, H. A. Cowie and K. Dixon||2010|
|American Journal of Epidemiology||Leisure Time Spent Sitting in Relation to Total Mortality in a Prospective Cohort of US Adults||Alpa V. Patel, Leslie Bernstein, Anusila Deka, Heather Spencer Feigelson, Peter T. Campbell, Susan M. Gapstur, Graham A. Colditz, and Michael J. Thun||2010|
|Univ. of Cambridge Conference Publications||Estimating personal energy expenditure with location data||Simon Hay, Stamatina Th. Rassia, Alastair R. Beresford||2010|
|American College of Sports Medicine||Too Much Sitting: The Population Health Science of Sedentary Behavior||Neville Owen, Genevieve N. Healy, Charles E. Matthews, and David W. Dunstan||2010|
|Lancaster University Centre for Organizational Health & Well-being||Steps To Health: An Evaluation Of The Impact Of Participating In The Global Corporate Challenge||Philip Gibbs and Professor Susan Cartwright||2010|
|Journal of Occupational Health||Risk Factors for upper Extremity Musculoskeletal Symptoms among call center employees||d’Errico A, Caputo P, Falcone U, Fubini L, Gilardi L, Mamo C, Migliardi A, Quarta D, Coffano E.||2010|
|Biology of Sport||Physical Activity Of Office Workers||Biernat E., Tomaszewski P., Milde K.||2010|
|Touch Endocrinology||‘Too Much Sitting’ and Metabolic Risk –Has Modern Technology Caught up with us||David W Dunstan, Genevieve N Healy, Takemi Sugiyama and Nevi lle Owen||2010|
|Applied Ergonomics||Frequency of the sit to stand task: an observational study of free-living adults||Dall PM, Kerr A||2010|
The following sites provide important information about working environments and ergonomics. They can help you understand more about workplace environments and research into solutions for discomfort and injury. Please note, these site links will open a new window external to the Workrite website.
- Puget Sound Chapter- HFES
- Western Occupational and Environmental Medical Association
- The Usability Professionals’ Association (UPS)
- Society for Work Science of the IIE
- Sociedad De Ergonomistas De M
- Office Ergonomics Research Committee (OERC)
- Occupational Injury Prevention and Rehabilitation Society
- Occupational Health Clinics for Ontario Workers (OHCOW)
- National Safety Council (NSC)
- National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS)
- National Association of Safety Professionals (NASP)
- International Facility Management Association (IFMA)
- Institute of Industrial Engineers (IIE)
- Human Factors and Ergonomics Society (HFES)
- Council on Certification of Health, Environmental and Safety Technologists (CCHEST)
- Canadian Ergonomics Association
- Campus Safety Health and Environmental Mgmt Association
- California Physical Therapy Association Online
- Business and Institutional Furniture Manufacturer’s Association (BIFMA)
- Board of Certified Safety Professionals
- Board of Certification in Professional Ergonomics (BCPE)
- Association of Repetitive Motion Syndromes (ARMS)
- Association of Occupational of Occupational and Environmental Clinics (AOEC)
- Association of Occupational Health Professionals in Healthcare (AOHPH)
- American Society of Safety Engineers (ASSE)
- American Society of Hand Therapists (ASHT)
- American Society of Biomechanics (ASB)
- American Society for Healthcare Engineering of the American Hospital Association
- American Safety & Health Institute (ASHI)
- American Physical Therapy Association (APTA)
- American Occupational Therapy Foundation
- American Occupational Therapy Association
- American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
- American Institute of Architects
- American Hospital Association
- American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH)
- American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
- American Board of Preventive Medicine
- American Academy of Physician Assistants in Occupational Medicine
- American Industrial Hygiene Association (AIHA)
- AFSCME Occupational Health and Safety Resources
- American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH)
- American Board of Independent Medical Examiners (ABIME)
- American Board of Industrial Hygiene (ABIH)
- Eurogip – understanding occupational risks in Europe
- TUV of North America – Office Equipment-Ergonomics
- The International Ergonomics Association (IEA)
- Society of Occupational Medicine Home
- Singapore Institution of Safety Officers
- RSI Association (UK)
- Nordic Ergonomics Network Hovedsiden
- New Zealand Ergonomics Society (NZES)
- International Society for Environmental Ergonomics – Studies the interaction between the user and his or her physical environment
- National Institute for Working Life
- International Ergonomics Association
- Irish Ergonomic Society
- International Society of Biomechanics
- International Society for Occupational Ergonomics & Safety
- International Occupational Safety and Health Information Centre
- International Institution of Occupational Safety and Health website
- International Commission on Occupational Health (ICOH)
- International Occupational Hygiene Association
- International Association for Healthcare Security and Safety
- Industrial Accident Prevention Association (Ontario, CA)
- Human Factors and Ergonomics Society of Australia (HFESA)
- Finnish Institute of Occupational Health
- Federation of the European Ergonomics Societies (FEES)
- EuroSafe – European Association for Injury Prevention and safety Promotion
- European Occupational Health and Safety (private site)
- European Agency for Safety and Health at Work
- EUROCONTROL – Human Factors, Manpower & Training of the European Air Traffic Management Programme
- EU Health & Safety Organization – European Trade Union Institute
- Ergonomics Society of the UK
- Ergonomics Society of South Africa (ESSA)
- Australian Institute of Occupational Hygienists
- International Conference on Ergonomics – 2007
- Calendar of Occupational Health Events (maintained by Occupational Health and Safety magazine)
- WorkLife 2007 – Protecting and Promoting Worker Health, organized by NIOSH
- WorkLife 2007 – Protecting and Promoting Worker Health, organized by NIOSH
- Work with Computing Systems
- The National Ergonomics Conference and Exposition
- PREMUS – Sixth International Scientific Conference on Prevention of Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders
- International Ergonomics Association events
- International Conference on Computer-Aided Ergonomics,
- IFMA World Workplace
- Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) International Conference
- Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Conference
- Human Computer International Conference
- Ergonoma – European Tradeshow on Work Ergonomics and Wellness Solutions
- Ergo Expo
- Applied Ergonomics – Institute of Industrial Engineers
- American Society of Safety Engineers Annual Conference
- aus-ergo (formerly Ergonoz)
- Ergoweb – The Trusted Source for Ergonomics
- Workers Comp Executive – Ebulletin of news stories
- Canada Health & Safety Discussion List – maintained by CCOHS
- EurOhs (European Occupational Health and Safety) email newsletter
- Ergonomics In The News – Workplace Ergonomics, Occupational Ergonomics, Office Ergonomics, Safety, and Biometrics from Usernomics
- AIHA Industrial Hygiene Group (requires Yahoo account)
- Discussion of medical center occupational and employee health issues
- Greener Buildings (signup for monthly email newsletter on home page)
- Occ-Env-Med-List hosted by Duke University
- Health and Safety Report – monthly email newsletter from Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety
- RSI UK Discussion List
- InformeDesign – email updates on new research
- Washington State Dept of Labor – Ergonomics Information updates
- Occupational and environmental medicine and occupational health (UK)
- RSI Relief Blog
- Ergonomic Times
- Occupational Health & Safety – weekly email
- List of 200+ Health & Safety Discussion lists, maintained by CCOHS
- Workplace Health and Safety Strategy for New Zealand
- Oregon OSHA – Ergonomics site
- Occupational Safety and Health Administration – OSHA HOME PAGE
- NIOSH The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
- National Occupational Health and Safety of Canada
- National Institute of Occupational Health – Denmark
- Health and Safety Executive Ergonomics Information – UK Health and Safety Commission.
- Ergonomics and Musculoskeletal Disorders – NIOSH Topic Page
- Canada’s National Centre for Occupational Health and Safety information (CCOHS)
- Australian Safety and Compensation Council (OSHA equivalent)
- UK Defense Department Human Factors Integration
- WORKSAFE! A California Coalition for Worker Occupational Safety & Health Protection
- WorkSafe BC – Ergonomics Guides and Information from British Columbia Occupational Safety and Health
- Washington State Dept of Labor – Ergonomics plan and information
- State Occupational Safety and Health Plans
- Ontario Ministry of Labour – Occupational Health and Safety
- Ontario Canada Workplace Safety Board – Ergonomics
- Ohio Bureau of Workers’ Compensation – includes best practices guidelines
- North Carolina – Occupational Health & Safety Division of the Department of Labor
- Minnesota OSHA Workplace Safety Consultation Best Practices
- Institute for Work & Health (IWH), Toronto, Ontario, Canada
- California Division of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH)
- Prevention Practices Database – Ergonomics. Compiled by Ontario Workplace Safety and Insurance Board
- Seattle RSI Support Team
- WA State – Ergonomics Ideas Bank — 16110
- OSHA Ergonomic Solutions Computer Workstations eTool – Index for Computer Workstations
- Office Ergonomics
- NYCOSH Ergonomics, repetitive strain injuries links and news
- Lawrence Livermore Lab – Office Ergonomics
- Hewlett Packard – Ergonomic workstation guidelines
- European Standards pertaining to Worker Safety & Health
- DoD Human Factors Engineering Technical Advisory Group – Standardization
- CDC – Computer Workstation Ergonomics
- AFSME – Keys to Health Computing – Table of Contents
- Ergonomics In Healthcare – Arnot Ogden Medical Center
- Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Fact Sheet National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
- Carpal Tunnel Syndrome NY Org for Access to Health
- Carpal Tunnel Syndrome – WebMD
- RSI Support Group in Massachusetts
- Carpal Tunnel Information from National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
- The RSI Network
- MedlinePlus Interactive Tutorials Carpel Tunnel Syndrome
- Carpal Tunnel Syndrome information from About.com
- RSI Support Groups in the US
- BackSafe – Injury Prevention Program
- Typing Injury FAQ
- Los Angeles RSI Support Group
- OOS Injuries Occupational Overuse Syndrome, RSI, New Zealand
- Carpal Tunnel Information from the Indiana Hand Center
- Carpal Tunnel Syndrome site with many links
- Harvard RSI Action — Resources
- Clinical guideline on diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome – American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
- Carpal tunnel syndrome – MayoClinic.com
- Seattle RSI Support Team
- Computer Related Repetitive Strain Injury
- Sorehand – Mailing list for individuals with RSIs
- CTS Place The Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Home Page
- Institute for Work & Health quarterly newsletter
- Barents Newsletter – online quarterly newsletter published by Finnish Institute of Occupational Health
- Occupational Hazards – RSS newsfeeds
- Work: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment and Rehabilitation
- Work: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment and Rehabilitation
- Work & Stress
- Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science
- The Spine Journal
- The International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
- The Ergonomics Report – Online news summaries
- Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
- Safety + Health
- Occupational Health & Safety – online edition
- Occupational Ergonomics
- Occupational and Environmental Medicine
- Meta Listing of all Journals available on the internet
- Journal of the Human Factors & Ergonomics Society of Australia
- Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
- Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
- Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene – Journal of the AIHA
- Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
- Journal of Biomechanics
- International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics
- International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics
- Human Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society
- Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing
- Ergonomics Journal – abstracts avail for all issues
- CTD News online
- Clinical Biomechanics
- Asian Journal of Ergonomics
- Applied Ergonomics – Article index
- Annals of Occupational Hygiene
- American Journal of Occupational Therapy
- American Journal of Industrial Medicine
- VisionSite – Monitors, font size & screen resolution
- IRSST – Institut Robert-Sauv
- European Agency for Safety and Health at Work -Summary of Funded MSD Research Projects
- Centre of Research Expertise for the Prevention of Musculoskeletal Disorders
- Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Research Today
- The CAESAR Project
- Occupational Health & Safety Links
- NIOSHTIC-2 a searchable bibligraphic database on occupational safety and health
- National Institute of Standards and Technology – Information Access Division
- Medline – Research directory by National Institute of Health
- Liberty Mutual Research Institute for Safety
- InformeDesign – a research and communication tool for designers, created by University of Minnesota
- Human Performance Center, Seamless Product Information, Data Exchange and Repository
- FAA Human Factors Research and Engineering Group
- ERGONOMICS INFORMATION ANALYSIS CENTRE
- Ergonomics Additional Resources
- Computerized Anthropometric Research & Design Laboratory
- Bureau of Labor Statistics
- Anthropometric Data Sets from US DOD Human Systems Integration Information Analysis Center
- Anthropometric Data Set
- 3D Static Strength Prediction Program from UofM
- Yale University – Occupational and Environmental Medicine
- Wright State University – Biomedical, Industrial, and Human Factors engineering program
- Visual Ergonomics Research Group – Loughborough University UK
- Virginia Tech – Human Factors Engineering and Ergonomics Center (HFEEC)
- Uppsala University – Human-Computer Interaction (HCI)
- University of Windsor – Masters of Human Kinetics Program
- University of Waterloo (Ontario) – Kinesiology
- University of Washington – Industrial Hygiene, Ergonomics and Safety
- University of Surrey – Robens Center for Health Ergonomics
- University of Michigan Center for Ergonomics
- University of Massachusetts Lowell – Department of Work Environment
- University of Iowa – Industrial Engineering
- University of Hull – Organizational Psychology
- University of Cincinnati – Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
- University of California – Berkeley / University of California – San Francisco
- University of Aberdeen (Scotland) – Department of Environmental and Occupational Medicine
- University College London Interaction Centre – Human-Computer Interaction
- Twente University – Cognitive Psychology and Ergonomics Netherlands
- The Ergonomics Center Of North Carolina
- Texas A&M – Industrial and Systems Engineering
- State University of New York at Buffalo – Industrial Engineering
- San Jose State University Human Factors and Ergonomics Master’s Degree Program
- Penn State – Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering Department
- Ohio State University – Biodynamics Laboratory
- NC Occupational Safety and Health Education and Research Center
- Industrial Engineering – Louisiana State University
- Human Interface Technology Lab (HITLab) – University of Washington
- Human Factors and Ergonomics at Miami University
- Harvard University – Program in Ergonomics and Safety
- Georgia Institute of Technology – School of Industrial and Systems Engineering
- Ergonomics and Safety Research Institute – University of Loughborough
- Directory of US Ergonomics Programs
- Cornell University
- Center for Industrial Ergonomics, University of Louisville (Kentucky)
- Oregon Workers’ Compensation Trends
- Carpal tunnel syndrome – Guideline by Work Loss Data Institute
- State Workers Compensation Boards – links to all 50 states
- International Association of Industrial Accident Boards and Commissions
- California Workers’ Comp Executives Info site
- California Workers’ Comp Executives Info sites
Abduction: Movement of a limb away from the body’s midline axis, such as elevating the elbow or raising the arm to the side.
Administrative Control: Any procedure that significantly limits daily exposure by control or manipulation of the work schedule or manner in which work is performed. Administrative controls include but are not limited to job rotation, use of rest breaks or alternative tasks, job enlargement to increase task variability, redesign of work methods, and adjustment of work pace or number of repetitions.
ANSI: The American National Standards Institute. ANSI has been responsible for the development of design guidelines for computer workstations (ANSI/HFS 100-1988), and draft guidelines for ergonomics (ANSI Z365).
Anthropometry: The study of physical dimensions in people, including the measurement of human body characteristics such as size, breadth, girth, and distance between anatomical points. Anthropometry also includes segment masses, the centers of gravity of body segments, and the ranges of joint motion, which are used in biomechanical analyses of work postures.
Anti-Fatigue Mats: Mats or padding on the floor designed to reduce stresses on the feet and leg when standing for long periods. Cushioned insoles for shoes can be viewed as “portable antifatigue mats.”
Awkward Posture: A deviation from the neutral position of any particular joint.
Back: The trunk of the body from below the neck (cervical spine) to the tailbone (sacrum). The back includes the upper and lower back.
Biomechanics: The study of the effects of internal and external forces on the human body in movement and rest.
Bursitis: Bursae are lubricating pads separating tendons from bones in parts of the body. Bursitis results when a bursae is inflamed. The inflammation may be the result of repetitive or forceful exertions at that joint.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: A specific Cumulative Trauma Disorder (CTD) occurring as the result of compression on the median nerve that travels through the carpal tunnel in the heel of the hand. Symptoms can include tingling and numbness in the hand, and loss of dexterity and strength in the hand.
Center of Gravity: The center of mass of an object that determines its symmetry and ease of handling.
Contact Stress: Exposure of a body part to a hard or sharp surface repetitively or forcefully at a workstation or tool. Contact stress has been associated with Cumulative Trauma Disorders.
Continuous Work: Work activities that are sustained and uninterrupted, e.g., in dynamic work, the sustained pattern of work without rest or light effort breaks. Continuous work, especially when the work is demanding, results in earlier fatigue than does intermittent work.
Cumulative Trauma Disorder (CTD): A CTD is a bodily injury associated with repeated biomechanical stress over time.
Cycle: A time interval during which a regularly occurring sequence of events is completed. A cycle can be the time to complete a job with many tasks or the time to produce one unit.
DeQuervain’s Disease: Inflammation of tendon coverings on the side of the wrist and base of the thumb which can result in swelling or pain when moving the thumb.
Discs: Gelatinous plate-shaped protectors that act as shock absorbers for the bones of the spine. Disc-related injuries to the back result from the deformation of the discs, including bulging and rupturing of the discs.
Duration: The continuous time a task is performed without an adequate rest break.
Dynamics: The biomechanical aspects of the human body in motion.
Engineering Controls: Physical changes to work stations, equipment, materials, production facilities, or any other relevant aspect of the work environment that reduce or prevent exposure to risk factors.
Epicondylitis: Tendonitis of the elbow (“tennis elbow”).
Ergonomics: A discipline that involves fitting the job to the worker and not the worker to the job. It is the science of adapting workstations, tools, equipment and job practices to be compatible with the individual worker and thus reduce the risk of injury due to risk factors.
Ergonomics Program: Application of ergonomics in a system that includes the following components: health and risk factor surveillance, job analysis and design, medical management,
Extension: The straightening of a joint whereby the angle between adjacent bones usually increases. Exceptions are extension of the feet and wrists.
Fatigue: The reduction in performance ability caused by a period of excessive activity followed by inadequate recovery time. Muscle fatigue is accompanied by a buildup of lactic acid in the working muscle.
Flexion: The bending of a joint whereby the angle between adjacent bones usually decreases.
Force: The mechanical effort to accomplish a specific movement or exertion. Force may be either external (a force applied, voluntarily or involuntarily, to the surface of the body) or internal (tension within muscles, tendons, and ligaments).
Ganglionic Cyst: A fluid-filled lump under the skin that can occur in the wrist as a result of DeQuervain’s Disease.
Heat Stress: Exposure to a hot environment that reduces the capability for sustained activity and speeds up fatigue.
Hyperextension of the Shoulder: Extension of the shoulder in which the upper arm is actually behind the back: for instance, when reaching behind the back for an object.
Hyperextension of the Spine: Extension of the trunk beyond the upright, forming a more extreme backward arch and changing the distribution of pressure on the spinal discs; for instance, in work done above shoulder height.
Incentive: In work situations, a pay plan whereby performance above the standard level for a job is financially rewarded up to some fixed level. An example of an individual incentive would be on some piecework tasks, where performance is measured by the number of good units produced per shift by an individual employee; group incentives are when the performance of a production team or a department is rewarded.
Job Enlargement: Adding duties to a worker’s job to reduce exposure to specific stresses of repetitive or physically strenuous jobs.
Job Rotation: Alternation of a worker’s tasks with other tasks as a means of reducing specific stresses of repetitive or physically strenuous jobs.
Joint: A body part where two bones meet and are connected by ligaments.
Lateral: Toward the side of the body away from the midline.
Ligaments: Fibrous structures that connect bones to bones, providing support while allowing flexibility and movement.
Log 200: An OSHA form employers are required to fill out summarizing workplace injuries and illnesses. (Currently posted at the Cheadle Hall basement and at Environmental Health and Safety.)
Lower Extremity: The hip, thigh, knee, leg, ankle, and/or foot.
Manual Handling: Manual Handling refers to any handling task involving the human body as the “power source.” Manual Handling includes lifting, lowering, pushing, pulling, carrying, and holding.
Median Nerve: The nerve that travels through the carpal tunnel of the wrist and services the thumb and first three fingers of the hand. Inflammation of the median nerve is the definition of carpal tunnel syndrome.
Muscle: Body tissue which contracts to produce movement or force.
Musculoskeletal System: System composed of bones, ligaments, tendons and muscles.
Nerve: Transmitters of feeling and movement from body to brain.
Neutral Position: The body position which minimizes stresses on the body. Typically the neutral posture will be near the mid-range of any joint’s range of motion.
Pacing: Controlling an employee’s rate of movement through external means, such as a continuous conveyor moving at a fixed speed, production pressure, peer pressure, or pay incentives.
Personal Protective Equipment: Gloves, padding, or eye glasses worn and used for the purpose of controlling risk factors.
Pinch Grip: One of several types of grips which do not allow the hand to fully encircle the object being handled.
Power Grip: A grip allowing the four fingers and thumb to encircle the object. This grip will generally maximize power on the part of the worker.
Pronation: The action of rotating the forearm so that the hand is palm down.
Range of Motion: The limits of movement defined at a joint or landmark of the body. Stresses on the connective tissues at a joint increase as the joint moves towards the limit of its range of motion.
Radial Deviation: Bending the wrist toward the thumb side.
Raynaud’s Syndrome: A progressive color change of the fingers in response to cold or vibration, due to decreased circulation (also known as vibration syndrome or white finger).
Recovery Time: Work periods when task demands are light or when rest breaks are scheduled, permitting a person to recover from heavy effort work such as prolonged fixed postures.
Redesign: Changes to an existing workplace or to production equipment to make it suitable for more employees; also, the reexamination of job requirements and their patterns of occurrence. Redesign is more expensive than incorporation of ergonomic principles in the initial design of a job.
Rest Allowances: Recovery time, including regularly scheduled work breaks, usually provided in jobs where heavy physical work or exposure to environmental extremes occurs. Rest allowances are built into the job standard so that productivity ratings recognize the need for additional recovery time in these jobs.
Risk Factors: Conditions of a job, process, or operation that contribute to the risk of developing CTDs.
Static Exertion: Static exertions refer to physical exertions (gripping, holding a posture) in which the same position or posture is held throughout the exertion (also referred to as “static loading”).
Supination: The action of rotating the forearm outward so that the hand is palm up.
Task: A subunit of a job or the group of activities that accomplishes the work objective or job.
Tendonitis: Tendons connect muscles to bones. Tendonitis is the result of the inflammation of tendons at a body part.
Tenosynovitis: Swelling and inflammation of the sheath that surrounds certain tendons. The sheath produces a lubricating fluid for the tendon; tenosynovitis results from a decreased capacity to produce this lubricating fluid.
Torque (Moment): A force that produces or tends to produce rotation; the rotational force about a point (e.g., torque is the force required to tighten a bolt). Excessive torque forces have been associated with CTDs to the upper extremities, particularly the elbow.
Trigger Finger: Tendons in the finger joints can swell due to overuse, “locking” the finger into a fixed position.
Ulnar Deviation: Bending the wrist towards the little finger side.
Upper Extremity: The hand, wrist, elbow , arm, shoulder, and/or neck.
Vibration: The oscillatory motion of a physical body. Localized vibration, such as hand-arm vibration, is produced by contact with powered tools or equipment or with vibrating structures. Whole-body vibration occurs while standing or seated in vibrating environments or objects, such as trucks or heavy machinery.
Work Cycle: The work cycle consists of an exertion period and a recovery (or smaller exertion) period necessary to complete one sequence of a task, before the sequence is repeated.
Work Methods: The physical methods used to perform the tasks of a job, such as reaching, gripping, using tools and equipment, or discarding objects.
Work Recovery Cycles: The job pattern that defines how work is organized with respect to lighter tasks or rest. High work/recovery ratios, measured as continuous time on each type of activity, have higher potential for fatigue.
Workstation: The entire area accessed by a worker when performing a specific task or job cycle.
Gemini Dual Arm
Conform and Poise Standard Arm
Conform and Poise HD Arm
Conform Static Arm
Willow Monitor Arm
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Cleaning your Wilsonart® worksurface is as simple as using a damp cloth or sponge and a mild soap or detergent. Rinse thoroughly with warm water and wipe dry. For more difficult stains or for the complete cleaning user guide, please click here.